Anxiety disorders and depression are NOT caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain, brain abnormalities or by genes. These disorders are caused by unhealthy behaviours – the unhealthy behaviours are at the root of anxiety disorders and depression.

Please watch videos at the bottom of this page


Anxiety disorders develop because of apprehensive behaviours, this is within our control to change. That behaviour includes how we conduct ourselves, how we respond to particular situations, and how we think and act. Thoughts precede and dictate our actions, so anxious thoughts can have a huge impact on our ability to live and enjoy life.

When we have an anxiety disorder, our thoughts move to assess situations as being dangerous, unpleasant, or harmful, so our behaviour (both inward and outward) is altered. This isn’t caused by a biological problem with the brain or a chemical imbalance, but by a particular type of behaviour which can be realigned with therapy.

The “chemical imbalance” theory, popularized by marketing, is “no more than psychiatric wishful thinking,” says Bruce Wiseman, author and former educator. “It has been thoroughly discredited by researchers, doctors and scientists. The only reason it exists is that it makes it easier for psychiatrists to drug vulnerable and often desperate individuals. It is driven by more than £20 billion in drug sales each year.”

Dr. Julian Whitaker, author and founder of the highly respected Whitaker Wellness Center in California said that psychiatry is a pseudoscience. “There’s no pathology. There’s no blood test. There’s no lab test. There’s no x-ray. Psychiatrists list out and vote on clusters of behaviour and call them a disease. They are giving drugs to millions of people who do not have a defined medical problem.”

New York psychiatrist Ron Leifer also said, “There’s no biological imbalance. When people come to me and they say, ‘I have a biochemical imbalance,’ I say, ‘Show me your lab tests.’ There are no lab tests. So what’s the biochemical imbalance?”

“It seems that any person at any particular time can match the criteria for bipolar or ADHD. The issue is if anyone has had such a diagnosis with one of these ‘disorders’ then the prescription for pills is activated” Dr. Stefan Kruszewski, Psychiatrist

“Amphetamines in the sixties and seventies were a hit until they were discredited, not long after they were relaunched and recommended again for the spurious ADHD” Dr. Robert Berezin, Psychiatrist

“Millions and millions of innocent and unwary Americans that have been sucked in deeply by the mental “health” system have literally been made insane, violent, depressed and neurologically paralysed by and from the withdrawal from frequently-prescribed, brain-damaging neurotoxic psychiatric pills…” Dr. Gary Kohls, MD

” The “chemical imbalance and biology problem” idea was always a type of urban myth” Dr. Ronald Pies, Psychiatrist

The “Chemical imbalance idea is really a fascinating one—it’s a perfect example of backwards engineering. People actually believed that antidepressants were helpful with depression, and believed that these drugs increased serotonin levels, so they thought it was logical depression people must be deficient in serotonin, so they came up with this idea of a chemical imbalance” Dr. Jon Jureidin, Psychiatrist

“People are been diagnosed with ‘chemical imbalances’ even though no such test exists to endorse such a claim…in fact there is no real idea of what chemical imbalances would look like” Dr. David Kaiser, Psychiatrist

“…there’s absolutely no evidence at all (that someone has a chemical imbalance in his or her brain)—HOWEVER, you are GUARANTEED to GET some sort of a chemical imbalance when taking a psychiatric drug, because if it’s working in some way, it’s disrupting your chemistry; that’s how the drugs can work . These drugs work by creating abnormal brain states which can harm the brain” Dr. Peter Breggin, Psychiatrist for 40 yrs, medical expert witness, subspecialty in psychopharmacology

“It’s an extraordinary line, the ‘chemical imbalance’—there’s just no way it can be measured, there is no way anyone can document that such a thing occurs in the first place” Dr. Ann-Louise Silver, Psychiatrist

“‘Chemical or biological imbalances’—sounds good and sounds very scientific…however, we all know there is no way to know what the ‘balance’ is” Dr. Thomas Gott, Neurosurgeon

“The pharmaceutical industry has managed to convey a misleading picture,” Joanna Moncrieff, MD, a senior lecturer in psychiatry at University College London, U.K., told Medscape. “I speak to quite a few journalists, and they are shocked to hear that the link between serotonin and depression is very tenuous and the research conflicting and not convincing. The psychiatric profession and academic researchers are probably also partly to blame for glossing over the weakness of the research.”

“…if a patient comes into the office believing the serotonin theory and the doctor doesn’t take the time to correct them, we wonder where that leaves the issue of informed consent, and especially the issue of potential risks and benefits,” they point out. “We suspect that many consumers believe the serotonin theory to be more scientifically based than it is, and that they might have chosen an alternative approach to their distress if they were fully informed. These ads work to confound informed consent, essentially.

Sadly, based on this false theory, millions of people have fallen prey to false treatments.

Countless consumers choose to take psychiatric drugs based on the “chemical imbalance” claims.



The DSM is basically a random grouping of thoughts, behaviour’s and moods that are decided upon by a group of psychiatrists that are picked by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).” Dr. Ron Leifer, Psychiatrist for 50 years

“Psychiatry is a pseudoscience. It has nothing to do with science whatsoever. It is a diagnosis of fiction. It’s an invented illness.” Dr. Julian Whitaker, M.D.

“It’s fictitious to say you can accurately identify who has schizophrenic behaviour. It’s fictitious that you can connect it to DNA (genes). It’s fictitious that those genes are identified through some kind of test. So the whole thing is basically fraudulent.” Dr. Colin A. Ross, Psychiatrist

“Psychiatry is completely a pseudoscience and propaganda system. “From a shameful history of pathologising human behaviour, applying crude ‘treatments’, and creating impressive beliefs about societal welfare on vulnerable people, psychiatry hasn’t come very far in the past century.” Dr. Kelly Brogan, Psychiatrist

“In medicine, diseases are established by particular medical tests relating to the causes of symptoms and so on, but in Psychiatry a diagnosis is done purely on the basis of a group of symptoms of behaviour” Dr. Joseph Isaac, Clinical Psychologist

“Most of Psychiatry is a pseudoscience, and it’s also very political, but who cares–people want to believe that there are scientific fixes (pills, usually) for life’s numerous problems” Dr. Michael Reznicek, Psychiatrist

“No one knows the causes of anything in psychiatry, therefore classification is be driven by many different factors — political, social and financial” Edward Shorter, Historian of Psychiatry

“Psychiatry has no logical basis in science… it does not have any official model of any ‘mental disorder’ that could allow anyone to say that Psychiatry is scientific” Dr. Niall McLaren, Psychiatrist

“How can someone diagnose anybody with ‘bipolar disorder’… there isn’t such a thing as ‘bipolar disorder’, not from a medical point of view that’s for sure. It’s just a behavioural definition. In other words another person (psychiatrist) made a personal decision only, that another person has this so-called disorder” Dr. Michael Lesser, Psychiatrist

“Psychiatric mental disorder diagnosis is based on a random and discretional symptom list that is non-specific and almost always derived from self-report and is purely speculative. There is no way of objectively endorsing anything” Dr. John Sorboro, Psychiatrist



But My Anxiety Feels Real

Saying that anxiety is a result of behaviour, doesn’t mean that it isn’t a real problem. It simply means that you can take control and change the way you think and react to your stressors.

Anxious thoughts provoke a real stress response, whether that’s increased heart rate, sweating, light-headedness, or any of the other symptoms of anxiety. Counselling works to stop those stress responses from happening in the first place.

When your stress responses are infrequent, you can recover from them quite quickly. However, when you suffer from anxiety as a disorder, the stress response happens far more often and your body finds it more difficult to recover – that means that your body stays in a state of stress readiness or stress-response hyperstimulation. Again, by using counselling to change your behaviour that state of ongoing anxiety disorder is reduced or removed entirely.


Anxiety Symptoms Aren’t Dangerous

While a lot of anxiety symptoms feel like a serious health problem, they are not dangerous. The largest issue caused by anxiety is a diminished quality of life which can have a serious impact on your relationships, career, and general outlook. While there is no physical danger caused by your anxiety, it’s important to treat the issue before it starts to rule your life.


Recovering from Anxiety

As with any major recovery, getting free from anxiety takes several stages. The main two levels are physiological recovery and behavioural recovery. The first deals with making a few life changes and understanding your anxiety, removing the fear of it, and breaking free of anxious behaviour cycles. The second deals with your responses to your anxious thoughts and worry and the underlying factors behind your anxiety by dealing with the core issue. We have developed a simple method which deals with anxiety and depression head on, and with compliance you can remove anxiety and depression permanently.

We specialise in CBT however, our AES program is our recommendation.

Either way, whichever approach we use, we will help you recover if you comply.

Complete recovery from anxiety and depression is possible, and working with an experienced therapist ensures that you will address the anxiety as well as the symptoms themselves.


How Therapy Stops Anxiety

Anxiety is often a consequence of fearful thinking and further reinforcing that response. When a body is stressed and subject to a large amount of cortisol (stress hormone), it can react with a huge number of symptoms and sensations that can feel like a genuine medical issue (such as a heart attack), but the first step to controlling those sensations is to gain control over your thoughts and stop the stress reaction before it has a chance to take hold.

Emotions are a direct result of mental activity, which is why we work to help you realign your thoughts and processes to something more positive and less anxious. In practice, it can be a little challenging than it sounds however, for some people its easier than others. The important thing you need to know is that you can change it.

Worry is often a learned habit, so developing a positive and healthy outlook is learned in the same way to overcome and eliminate anxious thoughts.


Our therapists use a variety of successful approaches:

Our unique Anxiety Elimination System (AES). This system was developed by Nick whilst recovering from his anxiety problem. This specifically structured program has a similar ethos to CBT but unlike CBT the AES program has a direct approach and is easy to implement. Our program will teach you how to eliminate fears as of when they present themselves. The program encourages you to live as if you were not anxious. In regards to your underlying anxiety or depression, you will be working to eliminate these conditions straight away which will contribute to the dissolvent of your fears.

The AES is a unique therapeutic system in its own right. It uses a trans-diagnostic approach, this means it applies one set of principals across all of the anxiety disorders. All anxiety disorders are based on the same mechanism, which means they can all be treated similarly. Addressing the anxiety mechanism works for ALL anxiety disorders

We have an easy to follow six stage system which we will teach and guide you through it step by step, offering you the option to call us between sessions if your stuck or have a problem so that we can get you back on track. We will tell you exactly what to do to eliminate anxiety and depression permanently.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) – identifying and successfully addressing the unhealthy behaviours that cause anxiety problems. CBT also teaches you healthy coping skills, recovery tools, and strategies for permanent success. This combines Cognitive and Behavioural techniques. Clients are taught ways to change thoughts and expectations and relaxation techniques are used. It has been effective for stress-related problems, anxiety, phobias, obsessions, eating disorders and major depression.

Emotional Therapy – understanding and becoming in charge of your own emotions. Many anxiety sufferers go by what they feel a lot. Many also fear their feelings thinking they can become uncontrollable. Emotional therapy teaches you what emotions are, how to be in charge of them, and the correct role they should play in your life.

Exposure Therapy – extinguishing fears require we confront them, by exposing the client to their fears, they can eventually beat the fear.

Mindfulness Training – learning “in the moment” techniques that enhance peace and calm, which can reduce and prevent irrational thinking. Mindfulness is a specific way of intentionally paying attention. A negative thought can lead to a chain reaction of more negative thoughts. This approach encourages clients to be aware of each thought, enabling the negative thought to be ‘caught’ so that is seen as just a ‘thought’ and not a fact. This breaks the chain reaction of negative thoughts giving a mental ‘space’ in which the person can re-align themselves in the present.

Person-Centred Therapy – Person-centred therapy – also known as person-centred counselling or client-centred counselling – is a humanistic approach that deals with the ways in which individuals perceive themselves consciously rather than how a counsellor can interpret their unconscious thoughts or ideas. The counsellor allows the client to freely express any emotions and feelings. This will enable the client to come to terms with negative feelings, which may have caused emotional problems, and develop inner resources. The objective is for the client to become able to see himself as a person, with the power and freedom to change, rather than as an object.

Our therapists can also use an integrative approach if necessary. This will be established in our first meeting and whilst in therapy depending on how the client responds. This ensures that we would stop at nothing and would exhaust all avenues to make sure you succeed. It is our passion and we take it very seriously as we know the pain anxiety and depression can cause. We will assist and support you all the way through to full recovery.


All of these approaches are used by themselves, or in combinations, depending on the client’s situation, circumstances and response to therapy.



Recent research has found talk therapy to be the most effective form of treatment for anxiety disorders and depression.

We know its possible to fully recover, its just the way the mind and body are designed, we are designed to recover if we know how.

knowledge is power!

Nick Nicolaou Dip.Couns, Dip.Anxiety.Couns, (AMISPC) (SFTR) (SHTC)





Associate Member of The International Society of Professional Counsellors (ISPC)



Please watch the videos below, they are very educational and reassuring

Please note, Anxiety-Counselling is not responsible and accepts no liability if anyone is offended regarding any material including videos on this website.

Here are some educational videos to watch.






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